100 g fruit provides just 26 calories and contains no saturated fats or cholesterol; however, it is rich in dietary fiber, anti-oxidants, minerals, vitamins. Best for: Sweet pumpkin pies. , In the United States, the carved pumpkin was first associated with the harvest season in general, long before it became an emblem of Halloween. , Canned pumpkin is often recommended by veterinarians as a dietary supplement for dogs and cats that are experiencing certain digestive ailments such as constipation, diarrhea, or hairballs. He used Latin names to describe groups of vegetables with similar traits.  In Germany, pumpkin seed is approved for use by the Commission E, which assesses folk and herbal medicine, for irritated bladder conditions and micturition problems of prostatic hyperplasia stages 1 and 2, although the monograph published in 1985 noted a lack of pharmacological studies that could substantiate empirically found clinical activity. The domesticated forms of C. pepo have larger fruits than non-domesticated forms and seeds that are bigger but fewer in number. Clean out the inside of the pumpkin and rub with olive oil. Cucurbita species fall into two main groups. , Cucurbita have been used in various cultures as folk remedies.  In 1986 Paris proposed a revised taxonomy of the edible cultivated C. pepo based primarily on the shape of the fruit, with eight groups . Illinois farmer Sarah Frey is called "the Pumpkin Queen of America" and sells around five million pumpkins annually, predominantly for use as lanterns.. "The Versatility of the Feral Buffalo Gourd, "The Cucurbit Images (1515–1518) of the Villa Farnesina, Rome", "The Marrow Song (Oh What A Beauty!)  Some species, such as C. digitata and C. ficifolia, are referred to as gourds. , C. moschata is native to Latin America, but the precise location of origin is uncertain.  In Britain a giant marrow (zucchini) weighing 54.3177 kilograms (119.750 lb) was displayed in the Harrogate Autumn Flower Show in 2012.  Species native to North America include C. digitata (calabazilla), and C. foetidissima (buffalo gourd), C. palmata (coyote melon), and C. Bankhead Vegetables is a family-owned and locally grown pumpkin farm and supplier located in Pike County, Missouri. It makes wild Cucurbita and most ornamental gourds, with the exception of an occasional C. fraterna and C. sororia, bitter to taste. Male flowers in Cucurbitaceae generally have five stamens, but in Cucurbita there are only three, and their anthers are joined together so that there appears to be one. ", "Production of Cucurbita Interspecific Hybrids ThroughCross Pollination and Embryo Rescue Technique", "Phylogenetic Relationships among Domesticated and Wild Species of, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "The Effects of Seed Number and Prior Fruit Dominance on the Pattern of Fruit Production in, "Flowering and Fruit Set of Pumpkin Cultivars under Field Conditions", "Involvement of Ethylene Biosynthesis and Signalling in Fruit Set and Early Fruit Development in Zucchini Squash (, "Stamen-derived Bioactive Gibberellin is Essential for Male Flower Development of, "A Proposed Subspecific Classification for, "Eastern North America as an Independent Center of Plant Domestication", "Archaeobiology: Squash Seeds Yield New View of Early American Farming", "Archaeological Evidence of Teosinte Domestication From Guilá Naquitz, Oaxaca", "Origins of Agriculture in Eastern North America", "The "How" of the Three Sisters: The Origins of Agriculture in Mesoamerica and the Human Niche", "The Beginning and Growth of Agriculture in Mexico", "Oil and tocopherol content and composition of pumpkin seed oil in 12 cultivars", "Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of carotenoids from pumpkin (Cucurbita spp. In the southwestern United States and Mexico, pumpkin and squash flowers are a popular and widely available food item. , Pumpkins have been used as folk medicine by Native Americans to treat intestinal worms and urinary ailments, and this Native American remedy was adopted by American doctors in the early nineteenth century as an anthelmintic for the expulsion of worms. Its leaves are 20 to 30 centimeters (8 to 12 in) wide. Lagenaria are in the same family and subfamily as Cucurbita but in a different tribe. Why would he want to get into the technicality when the ultimate aim of a pumpkin is to eat it or use it to make a ‘Jack O’ lantern’ on Halloween! Most parts of the pumpkin are edible, including the fleshy shell, the seeds, the leaves, and even the flowers. It is already possible to fall in love with this fruit from the pumpkin family because it is low in calories, only 24 kcal per 100 grams. The plurals are zucchini and zucchine. Good news!  C. maxima did not start to spread into North America until after the arrival of Columbus. The flowers are often showy and unisex and produce large fruits known as pepos. Pumpkin pie gets a lot of attention when it comes to the Thanksgiving menu, but when it comes to pumpkin recipes, it’s only the start of the scrumptiousness. Competitively grown specimens are therefore often hand-pollinated to maximize the number of seeds in the fruit, which increases the fruit size; this pollination requires skilled technique. by Edrich Siebert", "A new way to create pumpkin spice products, drugs, cosmetics", "Pumpkin seed (Cucurbitae peponis semen)", "Smashing Success! , The term pumpkin has no agreed upon botanical or scientific meaning, and is used interchangeably with "squash" and "winter squash". We are one of the leading retail and wholesale suppliers of high quality pumpkins, ornamental gourds, vegetables, and other farm fresh produce in north-east Missouri.  The current world record was set in 2014 by Beni Meier of Switzerland with a 2,323.7-pound (1,054.0 kg) pumpkin.  Cucurbita plants grown in the spring tend to grow larger than those grown in the autumn.  The plant hormones ethylene and auxin are key in fruit set and development.  Kew Gardens marked Halloween in 2013 with a display of pumpkins, including a towering pyramid made of many varieties of squash, in the Waterlily House during its "IncrEdibles" festival.  Heavy metal contamination, including cadmium, has a significant negative impact on plant growth. "Effects of imidacloprid-based Insecticides on the Native Cucurbit Pollinator, National Council for Science and the Environment, "Nutrition facts for pumpkin seeds, whole, roasted, without salt", "On the color of transparent substances, in Current Psychological Research in Austria", "Oil Pumpkins: Niche for Organic Producers", "Tip 75 – Pumpkin for cats – pumpkin for dogs – Pumpkin for diarrhea or constipation", "Factors Affecting Egg Production in Backyard Chicken Flocks", "Pumpkin seed (Cucurbitae peponis semen)", "Priorities for Research and Control of Cstode Zoonoses in Asia", "Mini Review on Chemotherapy of Taeniasis and Cysticercosis Due to Taenia Solium in Asia, and a Case Report With 20 Tapeworms in China", "Turnip battles with pumpkin for Hallowe'en", The Day We Celebrate: Thanksgiving Treated Gastronomically and Socially, "The untold history of Starbucks' Pumpkin Spice Latte", "Considering Pumpkin Spice and Seasonal Synesthesia", "Half Moon Bay Art & Pumpkin Festival: A Brief History", Pumpkin: The Curious History of an American Icon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pumpkin&oldid=991381830, Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In some adaptations of Washington Irving's ghost story, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 19:30.  Some cross pollinations can occur: C. pepo with C. argyrosperma and C. moschata; and C. maxima with C. moschata.  Other colors, including dark green (as with some oilseed pumpkins), also exist. Cucumber 0; Melon 0; Pumpkin 13; Squash 10; Watermelon 0; Zucchini 0; Cuisine Styles. Summer squash have a thin, edible skin. , The earliest known evidence of the domestication of Cucurbita dates back at least 8,000 years ago, predating the domestication of other crops such as maize and beans in the region by about 4,000 years.  Similar words for squash exist in related languages of the Algonquian family.. , The color of pumpkins derives from orange carotenoid pigments, including beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha and beta carotene, all of which are provitamin A compounds converted to vitamin A in the body..  Symptoms of these viruses show a high degree of similarity, which often results in laboratory investigation being needed to differentiate which one is affecting plants. In the fall of 2009, rain in Illinois devastated the Nestlé crop, which combined with a relatively weak 2008 crop depleting that year's reserves resulted in a shortage affecting the entire country during the Thanksgiving holiday season. Circa 2005, white pumpkins had become increasingly popular in the United States.  The FDA in the United States, on the other hand, banned the sale of all such non-prescription drugs for the treatment of prostate enlargement in 1990.  The English word squash is also derived from a Massachusett word, variously transcribed as askꝏtasquash, ashk8tasqash, or, in the closely-related Narragansett language, askútasquash. Remove from the oven and set aside. Some pumpkin chunkers breed and grow special varieties of pumpkin under specialized conditions to improve the pumpkin's chances of surviving a throw.  Cucurbita can be susceptible to the pest Bemisia argentifolii (silverleaf whitefly) as well as aphids (Aphididae), cucumber beetles (Acalymma vittatum and Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi), squash bug (Anasa tristis), the squash vine borer (Melittia cucurbitae), and the two-spotted spidermite (Tetranychus urticae). In the United States and Canada, pumpkin is a popular Halloween and Thanksgiving staple. Seeds planted deeper than 12.5 centimeters (4.9 in) are not likely to germinate. Paprika, ground cinnamon and black pepper give this dish a unique taste that your loved ones will want again and again. Pumpkin, Squash, Zucchini. A longer ferment will soften the flesh a bit more, and may make some vegetables more mild. It is grown in a wide altitudinal range: from sea level to as high as 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) in dry areas, usually with the use of irrigation, or in areas with a defined rainy season, where seeds are sown in May and June. , In 1952, Stanley Smith Master, using the pen name Edrich Siebert, wrote "The Marrow Song (Oh what a beauty!)" The top 10 countries in terms of metric tons of squashes produced are:, The only additional countries that rank in the top 20 where squashes are native are Cuba, which ranks 14th with 347,082 metric tons, and Argentina, which ranks 17th, with 326,900 metric tons. In 100 grams, raw squash supplies 16 calories and is rich in vitamin C (20% of the Daily Value, DV), moderate in vitamin B6 and riboflavin (12–17% DV), but otherwise devoid of appreciable nutrient content (table), although the nutrient content of different Curcubita species may vary somewhat. Characteristics commonly used to define "pumpkin" include smooth and slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange color. , As one of the most popular crops in the United States, in 2017 over 680 million kilograms (1.5 billion pounds) of pumpkins were produced. These other gourds are used as utensils or vessels, and their young fruits are eaten much like those of Cucurbita species.
2020 pumpkin family vegetables